Facts And History About Agra Fort: Agra Fort, as the name suggests, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It is about 2.5 kilometers away from the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world. The present-day structure was built by the Mughals, although it is said to have stood here as “Badalgarh” since the 11th century. Agra Fort was the site of a battle during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, let’s know its interesting history Learn about
1. First Delhi Sultan
Sikandar Lodhi was the first Delhi Sultan who shifted his headquarters to Agra Fort and ruled from there. He made it his “second capital”.
2. The Flow Chart
- (1517-1526) Ibrahim Lodhi lost the fort in the battle of Panipat.
- (1526-1530) Babur took power after defeating Ibrahim and also built a stepwell there.
- (1530-1540) Humayun.
- Sher Shah Suri captured the fort and it remained under the Suri dynasty till 1555.
- Humayun retrieved it.
- (1555-1556) Hemu.
- Akbar defeated Hemu in the second battle and captured Panipat and Agra.
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3. Architectural History
When Akbar came to Agra in 1558, his historian Abul Fazl told him that the ruined palace was known as “Badalgarh”. Akbar had built it with red sandstone from Rajasthan.
4. Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan had a habit of making things out of white marble. He also rebuilt some structures in the Agra Fort. The modern Agra Fort thus got more beauty.
5. Shah Jahan’s Death
When he breathed his last, Shah Jahan was deposed and confined in the fort by his son Aurangzeb. Rumor has it that Shah Jahan died in Musamman Burj.
6. Site of Battle
The fort was the site of a battle during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, which marked the end of the British East India Company’s rule and led to a century of direct rule of India by the British.
Agra Fort has two gates – Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate which is also known as Amar Singh Gate after Amar Singh Rathor. Since the Indian Army is still using the northern part of the Agra Fort, the Delhi Gate has not been opened to the public. Tourists enter through Amar Singh Gate.
8. Important Aspect
It is an architectural wonder of the building (also won the Aga Khan Prize for Architecture in 2004). Abul Fazl recorded that about 500 hundred buildings in Bengal and Gujarat were built on a design inspired by the buildings of the Agra Fort.
9. Destruction by British
Apart from Shah Jahan, the buildings inside the fort were destroyed by the British to make them barracks.
10. Jodha Bai Place
You can see the Taj Mahal from the cracks in the wall of Jodha Bai’s palace in Agra Fort.
11 Modeled for Red Fort
The Khas Mahal of Agra Fort was the model of the Diwan-i-Khas in the Red Fort of Delhi.
The Diwan-i-Khas in the Agra Fort contained Shah Jahan’s iconic “Peacock Throne”, studded with precious stones, including the magnificent Kohinoor.
13. Sheesh Mahal
Sheesh Mahal sets an example for decorative water engineering in the hammam. The water here may have been heated with lamps. Mirrors, which were more precious than marble, were installed in the walls.
14. For Women
Nagina Masjid is a small but exquisite mosque built by Shah Jahan in the Agra Fort. It was built entirely for the women of the fort.
15. Time of Construction
When Akbar built it out of red sandstone, about 1,444,000 builders worked on it for eight years, completing it in 1573.
16. Walls Of Agra Fort
The walls of the fort are 70 feet high.