Recently, the Government of Rajasthan abolished the provision of approval before starting the process of exploitation of geological water in urban areas also. With this, the work of digging tube wells in the ground started. This situation scares those who are committed to conserving water for the future of humanity, as the uncontrolled exploitation of geological waters has frightened the condition of available water storage. The situation is that only thirty subdivisions of Rajasthan can be considered safe from the point of view of geological waters, the remaining two hundred and three subdivisions are in the dark zone and six subdivisions are insensitive conditions.
A large part of Rajasthan is desert. But the parts of the state which have the pleasure of river-related happiness, those parts have also seen a rapid decline in the level of geological water in the last decade and a half. Every year during the summer season, scary pictures of the water crisis come from various parts of the country.
A few years ago people in Shimla protested against the movement of tourists due to the water crisis and people in Chennai were advised to work from home as it was not possible to get drinking water for everyone in the offices.
The concern about water conservation for humanity is one of the most burning issues even today. A major reason for this is that even today man is dependent on nature or on geological water storage to fulfill his water-related needs. In such a situation, it is necessary that we would be sensitive to the conservation of natural water storage sources. But we treated conventional water sources very selfishly. Old ponds, wells, lakes, stepwells, pools have been neglected and polluted the rivers. The situation is that the water of most of the rivers in the country has not been found potable in many places.
In this list is also the holy Ganges river, whose one-touch is said to be the savior of man. These ancient water sources not only used to store a sufficient amount of water in their existence but also played an important role in maintaining the water level of the underground. The water that seeped from their surface into the ground was assured to meet the needs of generations for a long time. Unfortunately, the modern norms of promotion hit this property of nature in a double attack.
Not only the traditional water sources were destroyed, but also the terrestrial water was exploited arbitrarily. The situation worsened in the seventies when governments dug tubewells extensively across the country without considering future prospects. This fulfilled the immediate needs of the people, but the situation of storage for the future became frightening.
According to the report of the Central Ground Water Board, the level of groundwater in the country declined by sixty-one percent between 2007 and 2017. The situation is that even in the villages situated on the banks of many rivers, people are facing a shortage of drinking water. It is important that India is at the top in the use of groundwater in the whole world.
China and America are ranked second and third respectively. A shared research report by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur, and the University of Athabasca, Canada, states that Indians use an average of two hundred and thirty cubic kiloliters of water per year. This figure exceeds the water use parameters considered essential for human beings by global agencies. It is also believed that if the water is used after a certain limit, it is not actually used, it is misused. We may find ways to correct our misuse on the test of reasonableness, but this situation is frightening.
Especially, when reading the data of NITI Aayog’s Capitol Water Management Index, seventy-five percent of the households in the country still do not have a proper water supply. It is clear that more number of deprived sections are there. This class has to face the crisis born from the affluent habits of the affluent class.
Geological water is important because it not only serves to quench the thirst of a large part of the population and is one of the most important sources of irrigation, but it also plays a major role in preserving the environment. Life-water arrangements for forests are made from this. The role of groundwater in maintaining the flow in rivers and in other water sources also cannot be ignored. Geological water also maintains a balance of pressure between the Earth’s upper surface and the inner surface rocks.
In this way, if the existence of geological water itself comes in danger, then what problems will the entire human race face, it can be easily estimated. Then the only concern in the direction of conservation of geological water is not only that it is being exploited indiscriminately, but also that many chemical pollutants on the surface of the earth are rushing inside the earth through rocks, affecting the purity of groundwater. Since this water reservoir is hidden inside the surface of the earth, its pollution cannot be easily estimated.
Although surface water availability is higher than groundwater in most parts of India, our dependence on groundwater has increased greatly in the last few years due to the availability of groundwater being comfortable in all areas. Eighty percent of the water extracted from the womb of the land is used for irrigation. But the uncontrolled use of tube wells has increased the use of groundwater in other areas as well. One study found the annual water availability in India to be 1869 billion cubic meters per year, of which 433 billion cubic meters per year is geological. These figures only underscore the importance of geological water in normal life.
Perhaps this was the reason that in 2015, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Water Resources also reviewed the status of groundwater use and its conservation and in its report expressed concern over excessive exploitation of groundwater in some areas and pollution of groundwater by some industries. was.
It is important that the amount of groundwater we use is also sensitive to recharging the same amount of groundwater because the opposite conditions will pose a crisis of life in front of generations. While water conservation involves renovating traditional water sources, repairing old ponds and wells, we will also be sensitive to rainwater harvesting. In fact, Rajasthan also has a law for ‘Roof Water Harvesting’ for large buildings, under which it is mandatory to store rainwater on the roof in the ground by a certain process during rainy days.
But if the law would have solved the problems then perhaps life would not have to face many dilemmas. For groundwater conservation, it is necessary that we make people aware of water conservation and water use and the responsible mechanism is sensitive to ensure compliance with the laws that exist.